Natural landscapes Aguilar de la Frontera
the Laguna de Zóñar
is the largest of the six wetlands
that make up the interesting ensemble known as the Lagunas of the South of Cordoba, located between crops of olive groves, vines and cereals in the Cordovan countryside. This lagoon is the most emblematic of this entire lagoon complex. Zóñar
is the largest of the lagoons in the area and Andalusia. It has an area of 37 hectares and the totality of its catchment area exceeds the 876. Its maximum depth is has been able to encrypt in about 15 m. This wetland is composed of three lakes, the largest of all is Zóñar and two other much smaller, lagunas de Carrizosa
and the Chica
. The three make up the most important humid zone in this area, with a very important ecological value. Its waters are permanent throughout the year. In them you can see from the white-headed duck, to the great crested grebe, as well as birds of prey. Next to Zóñar is the Laguna del Rincón
, both are surrounded by a belt of vegetation formed by aeneas, reeds and canes, isolating them from the outside and allowing the existence of numerous aquatic birds that give these places their enormous ecological value. Close to these lagoons are the natural places of the reservoirs of Cordobilla and Malpasillo
who complete the interesting attraction of the area for waterfowl observation. The center of visitors “Laguna de Zóñar” will offer you all the information you need to know the reserves and landscapes Natives of the South of Cordoba. Striking exhibition located in the Visitor Center
that allows you to get a broad view of heritage which is located in the nature reserve. The visitor center, the public observatory or the botanical path of the Carrizosa are some of the elements of interest. It is found taking the road direction to Puente Genil, 3 Km away from Aguilar. Laguna Rincón, which is accessed by the road from Moriles; It is one of the favorite places for the white-headed duck to reproduce. To the South, bordering the terms of Badolatosa and Puente Genil, following the road from Puente Genil to Jauja, the Natural Area of Cordobilla
It is located to the South of the province of Cordoba, about 52 kilometers from the capital.
Part of the Campiña Alta,
with the hills-witnesses that dot the landscape. It is the ancient Iberian-Roman Ipagrum, and precisely from this period are its most ancient remains: a large necropolis. The Muslim conquest of the city renamed as Bulay, which became part of the cora de Cabra,
some time later was included in the Zirid Kingdom
of Granada. Aguilar’s name was given after the Christian conquest and the adjective “de la frontera” comes given its proximity to Granada border during the late Middle Ages. Located on a hill that descends towards the road, Aguilar has a rich monumental heritage. The Castle recalls the dense medieval past of the villa, while for its urban area spread churches of great interest such as our Lady of the Soterrano, our Lady of Carmen,
the temple convent of San José and San Roque, or the churches of the Veracruz,
la Inmaculada Concepción, la Candelaria or the Cristo de la Salud, built between the 16th and 18th. However, the most representative monument of Aguilar is its Plaza de San José, of peculiar polygonal floor and beautiful invoice. We must not miss the Villa, Castle or the clock tower.
As well as enjoy festivities and traditions as the day of the Candelaria, Holy week, Corpus,
the romería of the Virgin of los Remedios, Real fair, San Roque or the Feria de San Miguel. The manufacture and production of sweets stands out in its gastronomy. Stand out the risaos, whose ingredients are as follows: egg, almonds, lemon and wafer. Its origin is probably in a typical Arabic almond sweet. It has a reputation for its excellent sweets, distinguished by the uniqueness you coffee merengás, nougat, borrachuelos, roscos de San Blas, without forgetting the “almond rizaos” with Caliph reminiscences, all this varied pastries can be tasted in the different shops of the town.a unos 52 kilómetros de la capital.
Located to the South of the province of Cordoba, in the middle region of the Subbética
Subbética, in the midst of a rich countryside of vineyards and olive trees, the city of Lucena presents to the visitor as a dynamic city that boasts a rich historical heritage and artistic heritage of an important Jewish, Arabic and Christian past
who made it a prosperous enclave as the city of three cultures. Lucena, ancient “Eliossana”, became famous for having one of the most notable Jewish quarters of the peninsula. Known as the “Pearl of Sepharad
“, its cultural glory can be compared to that achieved literary circles Spanish-Hebrew of Córdoba and Granada during the Caliphate and the kingdoms of Taifas. In the city centre we find the castle of del Moral, the archaeological and Ethnological Museum of the city, where the last King of Granada, Boabdil “El Chico” was prisoner. The Cordovan Baroque reached its maximum expression in the imposing San Mateo of Sagrario, within the parish of the same name, also considered genuine Cathedral of la Subbética. Lucena Baroque is completed by visiting the Palace of the counts of Santa Ana, the churches of San Juan Bautista, San Martín and the sanctuary of María Santísima de Araceli. Air of retirement and spirituality, you breathe in the beautiful cloister of the Franciscan church or Church of the mother of God. The devotion of the people of Lucena is manifested in their different traditions, so old and ancient, such as the devotion to the image of Maria Stma. Araceli,
which overflows around the first Sunday in may, when are the Aracelitanas parties, declared of national tourist interest, and Holy week
declared of national tourist interest in Andalusia, whose uniqueness lies in the form of processing the paces, called “santeria”. Its rich local gastronomy highlight the dishes in good part with the best oils with designation of origin itself, and watered with a good stock of land, fino or oloroso of the designation of origin Montilla-Moriles
. The “bolos”, “naranjas picás” with cod, esparragados, anchovies dumplings, and salmorejo, are some of the dishes that you can taste, along with the traditional sweets of pestiños and sopaipas
. They are renowned the lucentinas potteries where are unique pieces of Arab tradition, with decoration and enamel features, as such its importance, which at one time were grouped in the plain of Tinajerias. Of equal prestige are the workshops of gold and bronze, with the “Velón de Lucena” as most characteristic piece and symbol of the city, and equally exquisite works from, mostly, with the sacred art, adorning the thrones of the pace of the Holy week of all Spain.
Granada is located in the center of the region Vega de Granada,
at an altitude of 680 m, in a wide intrabetica depression formed by the river Genil and Sierra Nevada
. It was capital of the Zirid Kingdom of Granada and the Nasrid Kingdom of Granada. Its historical buildings, the Alhambra
is one of the most important, declared patrimony of humanity along with the garden of the Generalife and Albaicin. Its Cathedral is considered the first Renaissance church in Spain. The oldest remains that have been excavated have been dated around the middle of the 7th century BC and correspond to belonging to an Iberian oppidum called Ilturir rooms. The greatest artistic wealth of Granada is Spanish-Muslim art and, in particular, the city-Palace of the Alhambra and the Generalife the latter a Palace of pleasure with a plant currently romantic garden. The Alhambra, which is the culmination of the Nasrid art, held in the 13th and 14th centuries. It is, without doubt, the most emblematic monument of Granada. The current architectural ensemble is the work of many centuries of expansion and destruction. All the rulers of the Kingdom of Granada have added elements to the building, being especially important work undertaken during the terms of Yusuf I and Muhammad V
. After the Spanish conquest of the city, during the reign of Carlos I
, are major amendments, destroying part of the Nasrid Palace to build the so-called Palace of Carlos V,
one of the most important works of the Spanish Renaissance. Currently the whole of the Alhambra and the Generalife is one of the most visited monuments in Spain. The Generalife is a garden area attached to the Alhambra which became a place of recreation and rest of the Muslim Kings of Granada when they wanted to escape from the official life of the Palace. Granada Cathedral
is located in the Centre of the city. Its construction began during the Spanish Renaissance, at the beginning of the 16th century, by the Catholic monarchs and was conceived taking as a model the Cathedral of Toledo. Stand out the main Chapel, where orantes statues of the Catholic Kings. In the Royal Chapel are the graves of Isabella I of Castile, Fernando II of Aragon and Juana la Loca and Felipe el Hermoso. The Albaicín
(or Albayzín) is a neighborhood of Andalusian origin, very visited by tourists who come to the city because of its historical, architectural and landscape connotations. Or the District of Sacromonte
, that is situated on the Hill of Valparaiso. It is known as the old quarter of Gypsies who settled in Granada after the conquest of the city. It consists of one of its most picturesque neighbourhoods, loaded with typical, whitewashed caves, where sound guitars strumming, singing of songs and “quejíos”, so that over time has become one of the most important tourist attractions of Granada. Currently, the physiognomy of the city of Granada is typically bourgeois, with great influence of the architecture of the 19th and many Renaissance and Baroque buildings.
Córdoba Puente Genil
is an ancient city located i
n the Valley of the Guadalquivir River at the foot of the Sierra Morena. It has been the capital of Hispania Ulterior in times of the Roman Republic and capital of the Betica province during the Roman Empire. But its greatest splendour comes when it becomes capital of the Umayyad Caliphate
, during which the city became count with one million inhabitants, being the largest city, educated and opulent worldwide. Mosques, libraries, baths and souks, abounded in the capital, which is essential for the settlement of the foundations of the European Renaissance. During the European middle ages, letters and sciences flourished in “Corduba”. The city had many sources, public lighting and drainage system, during the time of Caliph splendour. Today it is one of the best preserved cities in Spain, with its historical centre and its mosque declared heritage of humanity
by Unesco as well as the celebration of the Cordovan Patios that is Intangible Cultural heritage of humanity from 2012. It is the birthplace of great philosophers like Seneca, Averroes or Maimonides, and poets like Lucan, Ibn Hazm, Juan de Mena, Luis de Góngora and Duque de Rivas. Cordoba has the second historic largest in Europe, the largest urban space declared world heritage by Unesco and which is surrounded mostly by an ancient Roman wall.
Highlights its mosque-Cathedral
and the Roman bridge, forming the best-known facet of the city. The Roman temple dedicated to the imperial cult, the Roman theatre
located in the archaeological museum, which is the largest known of all Hispania, or Roman mausoleum can be found from the Roman era. The colonial Forum, adiectum Forum, the amphitheatre and the remains of the Palace of the Emperor Maximiano Herculean at the archaeological site of Cercadilla. The Jewish quarter, formed by a multitude of irregular streets, shows us the calleja de las Flores
or el Pañuelo. And we can visit the synagogue and the House of Sepharad. Close to the mosque, they are the old Caliph’s baths and the Alcázar of the Christian Kings,
ancient kings accommodation and headquarters of the Inquisition. Essential visit to the Plaza del Potro and the Posada Del Potro,
mentioned in Don Quixote. On the river we can see the windmills of the Guadalquivir, of Muslim origin, such as the Molino de la Albolafia or the Molino de la Alegria. You can visit the doors of the Roman wall, as Almodovar gate, the door of Seville and the gate of the bridge and towers as de la Malmuerta or la Calahorra. Palatial buildings such as the Palacio de Viana, Orive or La Luna among others. On the outskirts of the city lies the archaeological site of Madinat Al-Zahra (Madinat Al – Zahra)
which constitutes the Summit of Moorish architecture along with the Alhambra in Granada. After the reconquista, were erected in the city 12 Ferdinandine churches
,which owe their name to Fernando III “The Saint”. Some of which are preserved are: San Nicolás de la Villa, San Miguel, San Juan and all saints, Santa Marina, San Agustin, San Andres, San Lorenzo, Santiago or the Basilica Menor of San Pedro, in which the saints are buried martyrs of Cordoba.
Puente Genil is not understood without the river that gives it name and that, since antiquity,
it exerted a clear influence throughout the territory. By its municipal term are scattered various archaeological sites
such as the Roman Villa
of Fuente Alamo. Also objects ranging from the lower Palaeolithic to the middle ages, as the Roman ruins of Fuente Álamo, of like necropolis of Los Castellares
or from Castle Anzur Arab remains. An important unifying element of the villa is the bridge, constructed in a fordable place that is using came from old, symbol of union between two banks that once were in different provinces: the right margin in Cordoba, known as the pontoon of Don Gonzalo, under the Marquis of Priego; left of Seville, Miragenil, belonging to the Marquis of Estepa. Puente Genil has interesting architectural works, mainly of a religious character, but the most significant for their symbolism, is the bridge over the river Genil. Puente Genil gastronomy
is rich in vegetables, seasoned with oils of the highest quality. The marinated pork, homemade chorizo or the tenderloin with almonds stand out. Typical is the ‘ocho’ made with bread dough. The most universal dessert of Puente Genil is the quince sweet, porridge with coscurros,
compote of quince, the ring-shaped egg biscuits, pestiños
and cupcakes… an example of its artisan pastry.